Make and Play the Ethiopian Game “Tegre” (aka Mancala!)

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Dorze Mancala- Kid World Citizen

A Tegre (mancala-type) game board we bought near Dorze, Ethiopia

When I was a teenager, my parents bought my little brother and sister a game called Mancala: “one of the oldest board games from Africa,” claimed the box. Mancala is the name that anthropologists have given to a type of board game that is played throughout Africa, and some places in Asia (from The Complete Mancala Games Book: How To Play the World’s Oldest Board Games by Larry Russ). They are usually made of wood that have various numbers of holes carved in them. Seeds, beans, or stones are moved around according to different rules, and victory is achieved when one player has captured all of the seeds.

Kids in Dorze- Kid World Citizen

The boys in Dorze who taught us to play Tegre

Fast-forward to 2008, and my husband and I were traveling in southern Ethiopia. In a small village called Dorze we became friends with a group of boys who were interested in showing us their ping-pong table, their instruments, and their “Tegre” game. This was like mancala game I had when I was younger! With deft hands and broken English, the boys explained how to play, while quickly scooping up seeds and depositing them around the board. There are many ways to play, but here are the rules they explained to us, instructions for an easy-to-make game board, and even an on-line mancala game to try.

Dorze, Ethiopia Kids


The game the boys showed us has 2 rows of 6 holes each. Start with 4 seeds in each hole. Sit facing your partner with the board between you. You each have 6 pits that are “yours” and the hole to your right is where you’ll put captured seeds (the hole to your partner’s right is theirs). The goal is to get as many seeds in your pit as possible!

Each player starts by choosing a hole on his side, and picking up all of the seeds in that hole. Then, moving in a counterclockwise direction, he/she should deposit them one by one in the following holes (as if taking a lap around the holes). This player continues to pick up seeds and place them in holes until the last seed goes into an empty hole.

Kids in Dorze, Ethiopia- Kid World CitizenWhen the last seed of the turn is placed into an empty hole, there are 3 possibilities. 1) If the hole is on your opponent’s side, the turn is over. 2) If the empty hole is on your side, and the opposite hole is empty, the turn is over. 3) If the empty hole is on your side, but the opposite cup has some seeds in it- you get to capture the seeds and place them in your pit to the right.

The whole game ends when one row is empty!

Now that you know how to play, let’s make a tegre/mancala game! Use a cardboard egg carton, which already has the 2 rows of 6 holes built-in. Paint it however you’d like- we used the colors of the Ethiopian flag. Once the paint has dried, cut off the top of the carton, and then cut it in half. Fasten it with glue or tape to the bottom of the egg carton (as seen in the bottom, right picture) so you have a section on either side of the game board, in order to collect the seeds from your opponent.

Make Mancala Game- Kid World Citizen

You can use seeds, little pebbles, or dried beans with your new game.

If you want to practice against a computer, try this on-line Mancala game– it is fun and builds strategic skills with 3 difficulty levels.

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  1. says

    I’ve seen this played all throughout SEAsia but never quite figured it out. Some local boys showed my kids once but we only had enough time for one game before we had to leave, so the next time we saw it we’d forgotten. We’re going to have to make our own and learn the rules! Love the idea of painting the egg carton, although the problem is here in Asia eggs come in packets of 10. Still I’m sure I can improvise something!


    you know that is anew information for me but tegre and bega in East Sudan and erteria it is nation and some tribes called tegre

    • kidworldcitizen says

      I still forget how to play everytime- though it isn’t that hard haha:). The interesting thing about this game is that it is widespread- throughout Africa and parts of Asia! I even have friends in the Philippines who play a similar game!


  1. […] Kid World Citizen was started as a way to to be able to share the educational activities that creator, Becky Morales, has used in her classroom and at home with her four children to increase global and cultural awareness. The blog features stories, recipes, and crafts from region-specific areas of the world. You should read: Make and Play the Ethiopian Game “Tegre” (aka Mancala!) […]

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